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2008中石油职称英语考试试题

发布:多吉利        来源:www.duojili.cn  
英语水平考试
试卷类型:24
答卷注意事项
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2、本次考试包括试卷一和试卷二,考试时间为9:00-11:00。试卷一为客观选择题,在标准答题卡上用2B铅笔将所选答案划出。试卷二为翻译题,将译文写在答题纸上,填上单位、姓名、准考证号、考场号、考点,以备核对总分。
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2008



试 卷 一
I. Vocabulary
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1. Being able to save and accumulate 【n.积累;积聚;堆积 】       wealth is not automatic. 自动的
A. considerate    B. considerable     C. conscious    D. careful
2. Wonderful         of nature are all around us.
A. appearance    B. experience      C. phenomena   D. philosophy
3. The whole county       with little red hearts on Valentine’s Day.
A. breaks in      B. breaks into      C. breaks off    D. breaks out(爆发)
4. If I were the president of a university I should     a compulsory 【a.强迫的;义务的】course【 n.过程;道路;疗程】in “How to Use Your Eyes”.
A. escape        B. establish       C. estate        D. elapse
5. The statement【声明】 that oil originated【创造,引起】 in the sea is    by a glance at a map showing the chief oilfield of the world.
A. confined[vt.限制]      B. confessed [vt.供认;坦白;承认]
      C. conformed[v.(使)一致;(使)符合]    D. confirmed【确定的,被证实的】
6. Almost 70 percent of all non-food purchasesvt.【买 n.购买(品) 】in supermarkets are generated by in-store    .
    A. decided      B. decisive         C. decide      D. decisions【决定】
7. I believe that truth and justice are     to an enduring social order.
A. fundamental [a.基本的 n.[pl.]原理]  B. fountain[n.泉水;源泉;根源]         C. formation[n.形成;构成;排列]    D. friction[1. 摩擦;摩擦力; 不和,争执]
8. Some of these “upside down” airmail[航空邮件;航空信;航空邮政] stamps are now      over $6,000.
A. worthy [a.有价值的;值得的]        B. worthed          C. worth         D. worthwhile[a.值得干的,有价值的]
9. The early pioneers had to      many hardships[艰难,困苦[U][C]
] to settle on the new land.
A. go into[叙述,探究;调查;进入,投入]      B. go along with[陪…一起行动;赞同,支持]     C. go back on[不履行;背叛]    D. go through[经历,讨论;举行]
10. Remember that customers don't     about prices in that city.
A. dispute[v.&n.争论,辩论;争吵]      B. bargain[n.买卖合同 v.议(价)]          C. consult[v.商量;磋商;请教]       D. discuss[vt.讨论,商量;辩论]
11. Difficulties and hardships[艰难,困苦] have     the best qualities of the young geologist[地质学家;地质学者].
A. brought about[引起;产生,导致]  B. brought in      C. brought up[抚育,教育,培养]     D. brought out[使显现出;拿出;使出版]
12. Do you know where the pictures on money       ?
A. resulted from[发生,产生[(+from)]]   B. removed from   C. came from[来自]     D. fell from 
13. I often      about how quickly time flies.
A. complain [vi.抱怨,叫屈;控诉]      B. complaint [n. 抱怨,叫屈]        C. compile[vt.编辑;汇编]      D. conceive[v.设想;表达;怀孕]
14. I'm      with computer programs that correct spelling through the use of built-in dictionaries.
A. common[a.普通的;共用的]      B. familiar .[熟悉的;随便的]          C. known[所知的]          D. friendly[友好的]
15. Male cigarette smokers have a higher death      from heart disease than non-smoking males.
A. rate           B. price            C. speed       D. degree
16. With winter here you can     these skirts till you need them again next summer.
A. get rid of      B. give away        C. do away with[1. 废除;去掉
;2.杀掉]    D.put away[把...收起;放好]
17. The good service at the hotel     the poor food to some extent.
A. made for[走向,朝…前时;导致,促成]      B. made out[写出;认出,看清楚;理解]         C. made up for[补偿]   D. mad use of[利用]
18. Those giftsn.[礼物;才能] of rare[a.稀薄的;稀有的] books that were given to us were deeply     .
A. applied[v.申请;使用;涂;从事]       B. appreciated[v.评价;珍惜;感激]       C. approved[v.赞成;同意;批准]     D. appealed[vi.&n.请求;呼吁;上诉]
19. Inflation is the first problem that the new government will have to     .
A. revolve      B. grasp            C. seize         D. tackle
20. Few people who      of high school will be rich.
A. run down     B. check in          C. drop out       D. check out 
II. Grammatical Structure
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
21. The young receptionist doesn't permit       in the exhibition[n.展览;显示;表演] center.
A. smoking      B. to smoke       C. smoke       D. to have smoked
22. I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality for      the Chinese people are justly famous throughout the world.
A. what        B. whom        C. that        D. which
23. More than two thousands      work in this refinery.
A. Russias       B. Russian         C. Russians    D Russia
24.  The ancient Egyptians believed all illnesses were related to      was eaten.
A. what        B. which          C. it              D. that
25. If all the continents and mountains were bulldozed fiat, the earth      by water more than 12,000 feet deep.
A. could have been covered      B. might had been covered
C. is covered                  D. would be covered
26. Since 1939, numerous scientific studies      to determine whether smoking is a health hazard.
A. have been conducted          B. are conducted
C. is conducted                 D. being conducted
27. All the money     , we started looking for work.
    A. has been spent                B. have been spent
    C. being spent                  D. having been spent
28. One main branch of sea science,     , holds enormous unanswered questions.
    A. physical oceanography        B. is physical oceanography
C. called physical oceanography   D. what is physical oceanography
29. An      crowd is awaiting the arrival of the famed statesman.
A. excite       B. excitedly     C. excited      D. exciting
30. There      a lot of      on the roads yesterday.
    A. were...traffic                B. was...traffic
C. were...traffics               D. was...traffics
31. China and America are separated by      .
    A. Pacific Ocean               B. a Pacific Ocean
C. the Pacific Ocean            D. Pacific Oceans
32.     to completely cut off its oil supply, it would badly damage its own economy.
A. If Iran was     B. Was Iran    C. If Iran is     D. Were Iran
33.      in 1943      the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles.
A. Only...that                    B. It was...then
C. That it was...when            D. It was...that
34. The population of Beijing is three times      that of Qingdao.
A. so large as     B. as large to     C. as large as     D. as larger than
35. He      his office for there was no one to answer the phone.
A. must have left                B. must leave
C. may have left                D. can have left
36. Jane's family couldn't agree on where to spend      vacation.
A. his         B. her       C. its          D. their
37. I will leave him a note      he will know where we are.
A. so that      B. that          C. in order      D. in case
38. The teacher thinks that Tom      for the accident and instead we should try to comfort him.
A. doesn't blame                B. is to blame
C. isn't to blame                D. isn't blamed
39. When I pulled into her driveway, she      by the door with her coat on.
A. is waiting      B. was waiting     C. waits        D. waited
40. The clerk asked Robey      later in the day.
A. returning       B. to return        C. return           D. to be returned
III.  Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: There are 5 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
 
Questions 41 to 44 are based on the following passage:
One of the most interesting paradoxes in America today is that Harvard University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, is now engaged in a serious debate about what a university should be, and whether it is measuring up.
Like the Roman Catholic Church and other ancient institutions, it is asking—still in private rather than in public—whether its past assumptions about faculty, authority, admissions, courses of study, are really relevant to the problems of the 1990's.
Should Harvard—or any other university—be an intellectual sanctuary, apart from the political and social revolution of the age, or should it be a laboratory for experimentation with these political and social revolutions; or even an engine of the revolution? This is what is being discussed privately in the big clapboard houses of faculty members around the Harvard Yard.
The issue was defined by Waiter Lippmann, a distinguished Harvard graduate, several years ago.
“If the universities are to do their work," he said, "they must be independent and they must be disinterested...They are places to which men can turn for judgments   which are unbiased by partisanship and special interest. Obviously, the moment the   universities fall under political control, or under the control of private interests, or the moment they themselves take a hand in politics and the leadership of government,    their value as independent and disinterested sources of judgment is impaired...”
This is part of the argument that is going on at Harvard today. Another part is the argument of the militant and even many moderate students: that a university is the keeper of our ideals and morals, and should not be “disinterested” but activist in bringing the nation's ideals and actions together.
Harvard's men of today seem more troubled and less sure about personal, political and academic purpose than they did at the beginning. They are not even clear about how they should debate and resolve their problems, but they are struggling with them privately, and how they come out is bound to influence American universities and political life in the 1990's.
41. The issues in the debate on Harvard's goals are whether the universities should remain independent of our society and its problems, and whether they should    .
A. overcome the widespread drug dependency
B. take an active part in solving society's ills
C. fight militarism
D. support our old and established institutions
42. The word “paradox” in paragraph 1 is     .
A. an abnormal condition
B. a parenthetical expression
C. a difficult puzzle
D. a self-contradiction
43. The word “sanctuary” in paragraph 3 is     .
A. a temple or nunnery of middle age
B. a certain place you can hide in and avoid mishaps
C. a holy place dedicated to a certain god
D. an academy for intelligent people
44. In the author's judgment, the ferment going on at Harvard     .
A. will soon be over, because times are bound to change
 B. is of interest mostly to Harvard men and their friends
C. will influence future life in America
D. is a sad symbol of our general bewilderment
 
Questions 45 to 48 are based on the following passage:
Scientists now believe that many, if not all, living things are born with some type of hidden clock. These clocks are sometimes set by the number of hours of light or darkness in a day, by the rhythm of the tides or by the seasons.
One of the most remarkable of nature's living clocks belongs to the fiddler crab, that familiar beach-dweller with tile overgrown claw. Biologists have long known that the crab's shell is darkest during the day, grows pale in late afternoon, then begins to darken again at daybreak. This daytime darkening is valuable for protection against enemies and sunlight, and for many years it was thought to be a simple response by the crab to the sun--just as if we were to get a tan during the day and lose it at night.
But when an enterprising scientist placed a fiddler crab in darkness, be was amazed to find that the color of the crab's shell kept ticking off the time with the same accuracy.
Yet another startling fact was revealed: the crab's shell reached the darkest color about 50 minutes later each day. There was a second clock inside the crab, for the tides also occur 50 minutes later from day to day. Moreover, even when the crabs were taken from the beach and put back in the dark, they continued their tidal rhythm. More research disclosed that a crab from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, reached its darkest color four hours earlier than the one taken from a beach on a neighboring island. The tides on the nearby island were found to be exactly four hours later than the Cape Cod tides.
Ants don't carry calendars around with them any more than fiddler crabs possess real wrist watches. But ants show amazing accuracy as to the day of the year. Each year, an ant nest sends out winged, young queens on mating flights. Hundreds of them may fly out of a single nest in the soil. Last summer, at the crest of my mountain, I watched an ant city prepare to send forth its young queens. At the precise moment that   they took wing, a colony of the same species that my wife was watching near the   bottom of the mountain, also sent its queen on a wedding flight. There was, of course, no way could the two colonies have checked take off time with each other.
Entomologist Albro T. Gaul once jotted down in his notebook that a particular the same time! This split-second timing is not always the rule. However, most flights take place within a definite period of time.
Birds also have built-in timepieces which send them off on fall and spring migrations. What the birds really have is a clock like mechanism which allows them to time hours of darkness or light in each day.
But what sends birds northward again in the spring? New research by Dr. Albert Wdifson of Northwestern University seems to indicate that the timing of return flight is extraordinarily complex. In the fall of the year the short days and long nights cause the "clocks" in migratory birds to undergo a kind of "winding" in preparation for their spring return and breeding. Then during the late fall and winter as the clock "ticks", certain physiological changes occur in the bird. The length of each day during the winter determines how fast the clock will run, and hence when the "alarm" will ring for the spring migration. The clock continues to run through breeding time, then stops—to be re-wound again the next fall.
 
45. The alarm clock that determines the activity of certain living things is governed by ____.
A. hours of daylight          B. the time of day in their native environments
C. the moon                D. something we don't understand completely
46. The fiddler crab seems to darken his color according to ____.
A. time of sunrise            B. its background
C. amount of daylight        D. time of tides
47. The reported activity of the ant colony occurred in relation to ____.
A. the position of the sun    B. the day of the year
C. the temperature          D. the geographical location
48. What controls the migration of birds seems to be ____.
A. dark, cloudy days and bright, sunny days
B. direction of migration
C. time between sunrise and sunset
D. breeding habits
 
Questions 49 to 52 are based on the following passage:
Medicine comes in many forms. In its liquid form, medicine affects the body very quickly. But the effects of liquid medicine aren't usually long lasting. That is why pills and capsules are also used.
The pills and capsules being sold today aren't perfect, either. Pills dissolve in the stomach. The medicine in the pills is released when the pills dissolve. But often, the pills dissolve too quickly.
Scientists have been trying to develop a pill that can release medicine slowly over a long period of time. They have applied their knowledge of plants to produce the “osmotic (渗透的) pump pill”.
The cell walls of plants are made of cellulose (纤维素). Cellulose is a very porous substance. There are millions of tiny holes, or pores, in the cellulose walls of plants. These holes are big enough to allow water through the cell walls. As water enters a cell, pressure builds up in the cell. The pressure pumps other substances out of the cell. These substances leave the cell through the cellulose wall. This slow, steady process is called osmosis.
The osmotic pump pill is coated with synthetic cellulose. Liquid medicine is contained in the pill. The holes in the cellulose coating of the pill are big enough to allow water in the pill. As water from the body enters the pill, pressure builds up and the medicine is then slowly pumped out of the pill.
 
49. The passage implies that the osmotic pump pill is better than other pills and capsules because____.
A. it releases medicine slowly over a long period of time
B. the coating doesn't dissolve in the stomach
C. the medicine in the pill can affect the body quickly
D. it helps to build pressure in the body
50. The way that the osmotic pump pill works is based on a process called ____.
A. cellulose    B. osmosis      C. pressure      D. synthesis
51. The passage implies that medicine in an osmotic pump pill will leave the pill when ____.
     A. the pill is swallowed
      B. the cellulose coating is dissolved
      C. enough pressure builds up in the pill
      D. the medicine is dissolved with water from the body
52. The passage implies that cellulose is a very porous substance because it contains ____.
A. millions of tiny holes
      B. a substance that dissolves it
      C. a substance that creates pressure
D. liquid medicine
 
Questions 53 to 56 are based on the following passage:
Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a very complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor, professional transportation, and public-utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the "system" of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else.
If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define "price", many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in other words, that price is the money value of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but also with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts that supply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms return privileges, and other factors. In other words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total "package" being exchanged for the asked amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price.
53. According to the passage, the price system is related primarily to ____.
A. labor and education
B. transportation and insurance
C. utilities and repairs
D. products and services
54. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a factor in complete understanding of price?
    A. Instructions that come with a product.
    B. The quantity of a product.
    C. The quality of a product.
    D. Warranties that cover a product.
55. In the last sentence of the passage, the word "they" refers to ____.
    A. return privileges              B. all the factors
    C. buyer and seller              D. money
56. The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses ____.
    A. unusual ways to advertise products
    B. types of payment plans for service
    C. theories about how products affect different levels of society
    D. how certain elements of a price "package" influence its market value

Questions 57 to 60 are based on the following passage:
Following the end of the Apollo space program, the National Geographic Society published an excellent set of articles about the moon. Here, in shorter form, are some questions and answers from one of these articles.
Is the moon like the earth?
Yes and no. It is more like it than many scientists thought before Apollo. Like the earth, the moon is in layers, with a crust on the outside and a deep mantle below. It may also have a core, as the earth does. However, the crust is almost four times thicker than the earth's crust. We do not know much yet about the moon's mantle, that section of superheated rock which goes down hundreds of miles below the crust. We think—but we are not sure  that the moon has a center core which includes molten rock, as the earth does.
In other ways, of course, the moon is very different. There is no life, and there is no water. The makeup of its atmosphere is very different; the earth creatures cannot breathe in it.
    Is the moon hot or cold?
    Most scientists agree that some of the moon was hot for at 1east a time. Rocks from the moon show that they were once melted. Right now there seems to be heat someplace inside the moon, possibly a great deal of it. On the surface, however, there is no sign of heat -- no volcano, for example. The surface itself ranges from heat of 230 F to cold of minus 290~F, depending upon where the sun is.
    Where did the moon come from?
    We don't know. The three main theories (ideas) are (1) that the moon was horn from the earth, (2) that the earth and the moon were born together at the same time from the same cloud of gas and dust, and (3) that the moon was born someplace else in the solar system and then captured by the earth's gravity. So far, none of these theories has been proved to be either fight or wrong. Professor George W. Wetherill of the University of California in Los Angeles says that he would give the first two theories each a 10 percent chance and the third theory a 20 percent chance. The other 60 percent he would give to "things we haven't thought of yet."
 
57. The atmosphere of the moon is __ that of the earth.
  A. much the same as        B. harder to see than
  C. much different from      D. cleaner than
58. The surface of the moon is ___.
A. so hot that it warms the earth
B. much colder at all times than the earth
C. about the same as that of the earth in terms of heat and cold
D. sometimes much hotter, sometimes much colder than the earth
59. In talking about the question of where the moon came from, Professor Wetherill of the University of California said that he believes that the answer is ____.
A. going to be found by 1990 at the latest
B. that the moon was once part of the earth
C. a chmd of gas and dust thom which both the earth and the sun were born
D. probably something no one has thought of yet
60. Since earth creatures cannot breathe in the moon's atmosphere, we can safely say that ____.
   A. it is impossible for people to live on the moon
   B. people would need special equipment in order to live on the moon
  C. there is no way to grow food there
 D. no one would want to live there

Section B
Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
      In1772, Goethe went as a young lawyer to Wetzlar, where he fell in love with the fiancte of his close friend Kestner.  61 he returned to Frankfurt and later discovered that Kestner had killed himself. These events formed the  62  of his beautiful novel The Sorrows of Young Werther, which is the most important literary work of the early romantic period.
In 1786, Goethe  63  Italy, and this had a strong  64  on his work,  65 him to  66  his earlier romantic style with the classic ideas to Greece and Rome.
His masterpiece, “Faust”, published in 1831, was the  67  of  50 years of work. It is the greatest dramatic poem in the German language.
Goethe died at Weimar in 1832. These days, his  68  as one of Europe's most famous poets is stronger than  69 . And the town Frankfurt is always  70  with his name throughout the world.
 
61. A. Mournfully  B. Happily      C. Deceived    D. Broken-hearted
62. A. greatness    B. condition     C. basis        D. reasons
63. A. went         B. arrived       C. toured      D. came
64. A. resultant     B. gear         C. modify      D. influence
65. A. permitted    B. allowing     C. making      D. convincing
66. A. associate    B. connect       C. combine    D. develop
67. A. result        B. consequence  C. ending      D. product
68. A. reproach     B. remainder    C. reputation    D. latter
69. A. forehead     B. ever          C. usual        D. others
70. A. associated    B. joined        C. resulted      D. connected
 
IV. Translation
Directions: There are 1 passage in this part of the test. You are to translate the passage into Chinese on your Answer Sheet.
A:
71.
The diffusion of knowledge is the dominant trend of our time. What was happening in Britain during the Industrial Revolution was not an isolated phenomenon. A succession of visitors to Britain would go back to their countries to report on the technological innovations they saw there. Sometimes societies were able to learn extremely fast, as in the United States. Others, like Italy, benefited from starting late, leapfrogging the long-drawn-out process that Britain went through.
This diffusion of knowledge accelerated dramatically in recent years. Over the last 30 years we have watched countries like Japan, Singapore and now China grow at a pace that is four times that of Britain at tile peak of the Industrial Revolution. They have been able to do this because of their energies, of course, but also because they cleverly  adopted  certain  ideas  about  development  that  had  worked  in  the West  relatively free markets, open trade, a focus on science and technology, among them. And this shift is happening all around the world. From Thailand to South Africa, from Brazil to Mexico, countries are far better managed economically than they have ever been.
We are sometimes reluctant to believe in progress. But the evidence is unmistakable. The management of major economies has changed greatly in the last few years. Careful monetary policy has tempered the boom-and-bust economic cycles of the industrial world, producing milder recessions and fewer shocks. Every day one reads of a new study campaigning nations in everything from Intemet penelration to interest rates. All these studies and lists are symbols of a learning process that is accelerating, reinforcing the lessons of success and failure.
 
B级:
71.
    The diffusion of knowledge is the dominant trend of our time. What was happening in Britain during the industriai Revolution was not an isolated phenomenon. A succession of visitors to Britain would go back to their countries to report on the technological innovations they saw there. Sometimes societies were able to learn extremely fast, as in the United States. Others, like Italy, benefited from starting late, leapfrogging the long-drawn out process that Britain went through.
    This diffusion of knowledge accelerated dramatically in recent years. Over the last 30 years we have watched countries like Japan, Singapore and now China grow at a pace that is four times that of Britain at the peak of the Industrial Revolution. They have been able to do this because of their energies, of course, but also because they cleverly  adopted  certain  ideas  about  development  that  had  worked  in  the West--relatively free markets, open trade, a focus on science and technology, among them. And this shift is happening all around the world. From Thailand to South Africa, from Brazil to Mexico, countries are far better managed economically than they have ever been.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

答案解析
21. permit许可;执照;营业证;允许
You can’t enter the research center without a permit .
〖点拨〗permit sb to do允许某人干……。permit doing允许干……。如:
We don’t permit smoking here .
注意:permit常用在独立主格结构中。如:Time permitting , we’ll have a meeting this evening . = If time permits , …
另外,注意permit的现在分词、过去式和过去分词要双写词尾:permitting , permitted 。
 
    1.paradox n. 似非而是的论点;似非而可能是的隽语;自相矛盾的话
2.sanctuary n. 避难所
3.clapboard n. 隔板,墙板,桶板
4.distinguished adj. 卓著的,著名的,高贵的
5.partisanship n. 党派性,党派偏见
6.disinterested adj. 无私的
7.impair v. 削弱,伤害
8.militant adj. 好战的,战斗性的
9.be bound to 一定要……

    长难句解析

    ①【解析】此句由两个并列的句子组成,“apart from…”做第一个句子“sanctuary”的补语。
【译文】哈佛或其它一些大学应当是一个智力的避难所,远离当今的政治和社会变革;还应当是政治和社会变革的一块实验基地,或者甚至是革命的一部发动机呢?
②【解析】两个“the moment”引导的句子做此句的时间状语从句。
【译文】显然,当大学处于政治和私有企业的控制下,或者他们自己从事政治和政府的领导时,他们作为独立和公正判断的价值观将会收到伤害。
③【解析】这个长句由三个句子组成,“but”引导了一个转折句,“and”引导了一个并列句。be bound to“肯定会,必定”。
【译文】他们甚至不清楚应当怎样讨论和解决他们的问题,但是他们每个人正在奋斗,并且哈佛大学议论的结果必定影响20世纪90年代美国的大学和政治生活。

    答案与详解

    【短文大意】本文主要讲述哈佛大学正面临的一个重要的争论,即一所大学应当是什么样的,现在的大学是否是符合标准的,哈佛大学应当远离政治和社会,还是作为政治和社会的一块实验田。
41.B细节题。文章第三段实际上已经告诉我们本文要讨论的议题。选项C提到的观点是“大学应该保持独立”这一论点的对立面,属议题范围之内。
42.D词汇题。从第四段我们可以猜出paradox是“自相矛盾”的意思。因此选项D正确。
43.B词汇题。意为:“Sanctuary”就是你可躲起来避过灾祸的地方。在中世纪一般是某些教堂或者修道院可以充当躲避任何政府惩罚的避难所,所以A、C两项也是与它词义有一点关联的,D关系最小。
44.C观点题。根据文章末尾,and how they come out is bound to influence American university and political life in the 1990’s. 作者认为在哈佛的争论的结果一定会影响美国的大学和政治生活。本题中的ferment意为“骚动,纷扰”,指的就是文章所说的争论。因此C符合作者的观点。

 
 
 
B级(试题类型:20))
This diffusion of knowledge accelerated dramatically in recent years. What was happening in Britain during the Industrial Revolution was not an isolated phenomenon. A succession of visitors to Britain would go back to report to their countries on the technological and commercial innovations they saw there. Sometimes societies were able to learn extremely fast, as in the United States. Others, like German, benefited from starting late, leapfrogging the long-drawn-out process that Britain went through.
The diffusion of knowledge is the dominant trend of our time. And this shift is happening around the world. From Thailand to South Africa , from India to Mexico, countries are far better managed economically than they have ever been. Over the last 30 years we have watched countries like Japan, Singapore, South Korea and now China grow at a pace that is five times that of Britain or the United States at the peak of the Industrial Revolution. They have been able to do this because of their energies and exertions, of course, but also because they cleverly and perhaps luckily adopted certain ideas about development that had worked in the West—highly free markets, open trade, a focus on science and technology, among them.
(画线的地方为删除的地方,红字体部份做了改动。)
 
 
21. More than two thousands __ work in this refinery.
  A. Russia  B. Russias  C. Russian  D. Russians  答案D名次的数
22. __ in 1943 __ the harmful smog made its appearance in Los Angeles.
  A. Only...that        B. It was...then
  C. That it was...when      D. It was...that  答案D强调
23. The population of Beijing is three times __ that of Qingdao.
  A. so large as  B. as large to  C. as large as  D. as larger than 答案C数量词的比较
24. The young receptionist doesn't permit __ in the exhibition center.
  A. smoke  B. smoking  C. to smoke  D. to have smoked 答案B动名词
25. The clerk asked Robey __ later in the day.
  A. to return  B. return    C. returning  D. to be returned 答案A不定式
26. I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality for __ the Chinese people
  are justly famous throughout the world.
  A. which    B. what    C. whom  D. that  答案A定语从句中介词后用which
When I pulled into her driveway, she __ by the door with her coat on.
  A. waits    B. waited  C. is waiting  D. was waiting 答案D,动词时态过去进行时
28. Since 1939, numerous scientific studies __ to determine whether smoking is a health hazard.
  A. is conducted        B. being conducted
  C. have been conducted    D. are conducted 答案C动词时态现在完成时
29. There __ a lot of  on the roads yesterday.
  A. were...traffics        B. was...traffics
  C. were...traffic        D. was...traffic  答案D主谓一致以及名次单复数
30. All the money __, we started looking for work.
  A. has been spent        B. have been spent
  C. being spent        D. having been spent  答案D 分词
31. China and America are separated by.
  A. Pacific Ocean        B. a Pacific Ocean  答案C 冠词用法
  C. the Pacific Ocean    D. Pacific Oceans
32. The ancient Egyptians believed all illnesses were  related to __ was eaten.
  A. which  B. it      C. what    D. that  答案C,名词性从句
33. __ to completely cut off its oil supply, it would badly damage its own economy.
  A. If Iran is  B. If Iran was C. Was Iran  D. Were Iran 答案D,虚拟语气及倒装
34. One main branch of sea science, __, holds enormous unanswered questions.
  A. physical oceanography    B. is physical oceanography
  C. called physical oceanography D. what is physical oceanography 答案A,同位语
35. He __ his office for there was no one to answer the phone.
  A. must have left        B. must leave
  C. may have left        D. can have left  答案A 情态动词
36. If all the continents and mountains were bulldozed fiat, the earth __ by water more than 12,000 feet deep.
  A. is covered          B. would be covered 答案B虚拟语气
  C. could have been covered  D. might had been covered
37. Jane's family couldn't agree on where to spend __ vacation.
  A. its    B. their    C. his    D. her  答案B代词
38. I will leave him a note __ he will know where we are.
  A. so that  B. that    C. in order  D. in case 答案A连词
39. An __ crowd is awaiting the arrival of the famed statesman.
  A. excited  B. exciting  C. excite    D. excitedly答案A 过去分词
40. The teacher thinks that Tom  for the accident and instead we should try to
  comfort him.
  A. doesn't blame        B. is to blame
  C. isn't to blame        D. isn't blamed  答案C 被动语态
 

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